If one day robots can perform most of the work on behalf of humans, does "Das Kapital" still make sense?

Did you know? Since 2013, H&M has burned 60 tons of unsalable clothing in Denmark, an average of 12 tons per year, of which about 30,000 brand new children's and women's denims were burned with price tags attached. Many people say that the reason why they burn the clothes directly instead of donating them to the African people is because of the cost of transportation. Of course they are right, but they cannot withstand further scrutiny. If they just don’t want to pay the cost, they can Donate clothes to charitable organizations; or publish news to the world, send them for free, pull them by yourself before x month x, or you can dispose of them.

The real answer is in Marx's "Das Kapital," because value-added is the first element of capital, and capital will not do things without profit. H&M knows that if you donate clothes to the poor and let beggars and refugees wear their brands, no one wants to buy their clothes at the original price.

Do you know it again? If the United States is dedicated to producing food, their food supply capacity is enough to feed everyone in the world, but the problem is that there are no less than 800 million hungry people in the world. Of course there are many excuses, but the essence is what Marx said in Capital. The nature of capital is to increase value continuously. The purpose of food production in the United States is not to feed mankind, but to make money. Therefore, if they cannot make money, they would rather idle their abilities and produce less food.

What capital needs is not people with natural life, but people with the ability to purchase commodities and who can participate in economic activities. If you have insufficient spending power, capitalists can even lend you a loan to allow you to overdraft future money for consumption now-but there is a prerequisite here, that is, you must be able to repay the borrowed money in the future. For example, for a house of 2 million, you have the ability to buy a house in full, and of course you are the developer’s favorite client; but if all such clients have bought a house and there is no need to buy a house, the developer will encourage those who can only pay in order to make money. People who can afford an 80% down payment, 50% down payment, and 30% down payment also come to buy a house, and the remaining money is borrowed from the bank in installments. In fact, the lower the down payment ratio, the higher the risk of bad debts the bank has to bear, but the developer will not take care of these , As long as you can make money, even if you borrow 100% of the money, he wants to sell the house to you-something like this has happened in American history, when the leverage is high to sell the house to someone with a very low repayment ability in the future. For the poor, the bank packs this part of the accounts receivable with a high risk of bad debts into financial products to sell, and then derives various financial derivatives from this, and magnifies the leverage by tens of thousands of times. In the end, the economic crisis will not pay off. The money is not only the poor, but also many people who originally thought they could pay back the money. The whole game can no longer be played, which leads to a financial collapse and further deepens the economic crisis of the society. The principle of economic crisis is much more complicated than this, but the general principle is this.

These profound lessons have made banks wary of risks and pay more attention to measuring the borrower's ability to repay before making loans.

Assuming an extreme situation, 100% of the robots invested by capitalists replace human jobs. Capitalists do not need to hire anyone to enjoy the same high-quality life as they do now, and even a better standard of living than before hiring others. Under this premise, capitalists have no incentive to make money at all, and there is no need to provide commodities for the poor. In this case, capital can no longer increase in value through trading activities, which is what Marx predicted in Capital—capital The moment of the demise of ism.

For people who do not have capital in their hands, if they do not have capital under the capitalist system, they cannot obtain the means of survival. If they do not want to starve to death, the only way out is to join hands and change the capitalist distribution system so that robots can not only do Capitalists produce materials and provide services, but let robots create more robots to fully meet the life needs of everyone in the world-this is the moment when communism as described by Marx in Capital.

Did you find out that robots completely replaced humans in work, which is what Marx called "the era of extremely rich material production." Translated, it means that the materials produced can meet all the needs of all human beings.

Marx said in "Das Kapital" that what communism pursues is "the free and all-round development of man." The so-called free and all-round development of man means that man no longer resembles the capitalist era, alienated into a carrier and tool for capital appreciation. , But can really follow one's own inner freedom and live without worrying about survival, to pursue the spiritual needs mentioned by Maslow, so that oneself can become a comprehensive person, instead of just staying in the pursuit of survival. .

Only when this is the time when "Das Kapital" fails, humans may face major problems that are more difficult than survival, such as the relationship between humans and artificial intelligence, the development of the universe, genetically modified species, etc. At that time, humans need to update Theory to guide.

Before machines can replace people 100%, capital will still pursue value-added through participation in production activities, and the "Das Kapital" is still valid.

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